Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Biography, Age, Death Cause, Facts & More

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Biography, Age, Wife, Death Cause, Facts & More

apj abdul kalam university

Full Name Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam(Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam)
Nickname Missile Man, People’s President
Profession Professor, Author, Aerospace Scientist

apj abdul kalam profession
Abdul kalam profession
Physical Stats & More
Height (approx.) in centimeters– 163 cm
in meters– 1.63 m
in feet inches– 5’ 4”
Weight (approx.) in kilograms– 60 kg
in pounds– 132 lbs
Eye Colour Black
Hair Colour Grey
Personal Life
Date of Birth 15 October 1931
Birth Place Rameswaram, Ramnad District, Madras Presidency, British India
(now in Ramanathapuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
Date of Death 27 July 2015
Place of Death Shillong, Meghalaya, India
Age (at the time of death) 83 Years
Death Cause Cardiac arrest (Stroke)
Resting Place Pei Karumbu, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
Zodiac sign/Sun sign Libra
Signature apj abdul kalam signature
Nationality Indian
Hometown Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
School Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu, India
College/University St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Madras Institute of Technology, Chromepet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Educational Qualification Bachelor of Science in Physics from Saint Joseph’s College, the University of Madras in 1954
A Degree in Aerospace Engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1960
Family Father– Jainulabiddin Marakayar (A boat owner and Imam of a local Mosque)
apj abdul kalam father
Mother– Ashiamma Jainulabiddin (Housewife)

apj abdul kalam mother

Brothers– Kasim Mohammed, Mustafa Kamal, Mohammed Muthu Meera Lebbai Maraikayar
apj abdul kalam brother

Sister– Asim Zohra (eldest)ReligionIslamEthnicityTamil MuslimHobbiesPlaying Veena, Delivering Motivational Lectures, Walking, Listening to Indian Classical MusicAwards/Honours1981: Padma Bhushan by the Government of India
1990: Padma Vibhushan by the Government of India
1997: Bharat Ratna by the Government of India
1998: Veer Savarkar Award by the Government of India
2007: King Charles II Medal by Royal Society, UK
2009: Hoover Medal by ASME Foundation, USA
2013: Von Braun Award by National Space Society
2014: Doctor of Science by Edinburgh University, UKFamous Books1998: India 2020
1999: Wings Of Fire
2002: Ignited Minds
2006: Indomitable Spirit
2012: Turning PointsFamous Quotes

• In times of rain, all birds seek refuge. However, the Eagle stays dry by soaring above the clouds.

• Man needs challenges in life since they are essential to experiencing achievement.

• If you want to shine like a sun. First, burn like a sun.
• All of us do not have equal talent. But, all of us have an equal opportunity to develop our talents.
• Be more dedicated to making solid achievements than to running after swift but synthetic happiness.
• Without your involvement, you can’t succeed. With your involvement, you can’t fail.
• Let us sacrifice our today so that our children can have a better tomorrow.
• Science is a beautiful gift to humanity; we should not distort it.
• You have to dream before your dreams can come true.
• Great dreams of great dreamers are always transcended.
• Poetry comes from the highest happiness or the deepest sorrow.
• Life is a difficult game. You can win it only by retaining your birthright to be a person.

Institutes/Places Named After Him30 July 2015: Uttar Pradesh State Government renamed Uttar Pradesh Technical University (UPTU) to “A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University.”
31 July 2015: A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Memorial Travancore Institute of Digestive Diseases, Kerala.
4 August 2015: A new academic complex at Mahatma Gandhi University in Kerala was named after him.
16 August 2015: The Puducherry Government announced that the newly inaugurated science centre-cum-planetarium would be named after former President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.
August 2015: Kerala Technological University was renamed to A P J Abdul Kalam Technological University.
September 2015: Wheeler Island, a national missile test site in Odisha, was renamed Abdul Kalam Island.
May 2017: NASA named a new organism discovered by them after the much-loved A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. The new organism — a form of bacteria — has been found only on the International Space Station (ISS) and has not been found on Earth! Researchers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), the foremost lab of NASA for work on interplanetary travel, discovered the new bacteria on the filters of the International Space Station (ISS) and named it Solibacillus kalamii.Controversies• Kalam received criticism for his inaction in resolving the fate of 20 of the 21 mercy petitions that were submitted to him while he served as president of India. During his five-year term, he only responded to one mercy request, dismissing the request of the later-hung rapist Dhananjoy Chatterjee. The most significant appeal came from Afzal Guru, who was given the death penalty by the Indian Supreme Court in 2004. He was still on execution row since his mercy request was still being considered.

• In 2005, Kalam also took the controversial decision to impose Presidents in Bihar.
• In 2011, civil groups criticized him over his stand on the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant as he supported the establishment of the nuclear power plant and was accused of not speaking with the local people.

Favorite ThingsFavourite Subject(s)Mathematics, PhysicsGirls, Affairs, and MoreMarital StatusUnmarriedWife/SpouseN/AChildrenNoneMoney FactorNet WorthIn terms of possessions, the “People’s President” had his family home in Rameswaram, along with a small plot of land close by. He also had 2,500 books, a Veena, a wristwatch, a CD Player, a laptop, six shirts, four pairs of pants, three jackets, and a pair of shoes. 

Some Non-Known Facts About Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

  • Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was born in Rameswaram to a Tamil Muslim family.
  • Hindu pilgrims would go back and forth on Kalam’s father’s boat between Rameswaram and the now-deserted Dhanushkodi.
  • He was the youngest of his family’s four brothers and one sister.
  • a. p. j. Abdul kalam and Nambi Narayanan had been wealthy landowners and tradesmen. The majority of their trading with Sri Lanka was in groceries.
    • The family gained the reputation of “Mara Kalam iyakkivar” (wooden boat steerers) by transporting pilgrims between the mainland and Pamban.
  • However, the family’s assets and wealth were gradually lost until the Pamban Bridge was linked to the mainland in 1914.
  • By the time Kalam was a young child, his family had fallen below the poverty line. To help his family, Kalam began distributing newspapers at a young age. Because the Dhanushkodi Mail trains didn’t stop there because of the ensuing World War, he used to gather the newspapers that were flung out of the moving vehicles.
  • Kalam has been a voracious reader ever since he was a young boy. In his neighborhood, he used to take books from one of his brother’s friends.
    • Kalam has been a voracious reader ever since he was a young boy. In his neighborhood, he used to take books from one of his brother’s friends.
  • Kalam was a student in an ordinary grade at his school. However, according to his teachers, he was a motivated learner who was bright and diligent.
  • He proceeded to Madras Institute of Technology to study Aerospace Engineering after receiving his degree in Physics from Saint Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli.
  • When he was a senior at MIT, the Dean threatened to revoke his scholarship if he didn’t finish a senior class project within the next three days. When he did, the Dean was impressed and said, “I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline.”
  • Kalam had always envisioned himself as a jet pilot. He nearly missed realizing his dream, though, as he finished ninth out of a total of 8 candidates in the Indian Air Force (IAF) qualifying. a. p. j. Abdul Kalam’s books are famous.
  • After earning his degree from MIT in 1960, Kalam joined the Defence Research and Development Organization’s Aeronautical Development Establishment and began his professional career by creating a miniature hovercraft. But Kalam wasn’t content with his work at the DRDO.
    • Vikram Sarabhai, a renowned space scientist, was Kalam’s boss while they were both members of the INCOSPAR committee.
  • In 1963, Kalam paid visits to NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility, Langley Research Center, and Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.
  • In 1965, Kalam had separately begun work on an expandable rocket project while still employed by the DRDO.
  • In 1969, Kalam was moved to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), where he rose to the position of Project Director for the country’s first satellite launch vehicle (SLV-III), which was responsible for the successful deployment of the “Rohini” satellite into low-Earth orbit in July 1980.
  • Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and (SLV-III) projects were developed by Kalam with great effort between the 1970s and 1990s, and both of them were successful.
  • Kalam was not involved in the planning of India’s first nuclear test, “Smiling Buddha,” but Raja Ramanna still extended an invitation for him to attend.
  • In the 1970s, Kalam oversaw two initiatives called “Project Devil” and “Project Valiant” to create ballistic missiles utilizing the technology of the successful SLV-III program. Indira Gandhi, the Indian prime minister at the time, allocated covert cash for the projects after the Union Cabinet rejected them.
  • In 1980, Kalam’s educational leadership and research prompted the Government to start an advanced missile program under Kalam’s directorship.
  • R Venkatraman, India’s then-Defense Minister, chose Kalam to lead the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) and provided the project with 388 crores INR. Kalam was a key contributor to the development of the mission’s successful missiles, including “Agni” and “Prithvi.”
  • Kalam held the positions of Secretary of the DRDO and Chief Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister from July 1992 until December 1999. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the Indian Prime Minister at the time, and Kalam both played critical political and technological roles in the Pokhran-II nuclear tests that took place at this time.
  • He became India’s most well-known nuclear scientist in the late 1990s thanks to media attention, earning him the moniker “Missile Man.”
    • Together with physician Soma Raju, Kalam created a low-cost coronary stent in 1998 that they called the “Kalam-Raju Stent.” In 2012, the team also created a tough tablet computer called the “Kalam-Raju Tablet” for use in rural health care.
  • In 2002, he succeeded K. R. Narayanan to become the 11th President of India.
  • APJ Abdul Kalam became the third Indian President to receive the Bharat Ratna honor before taking office. Bharat Ratna awards were first given to doctors Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1954) and Zakir Hussain (1963), both of whom served as president of India.
  • In addition, Kalam was the first scientist and bachelor to live at the “Rashtrapati Bhawan.”
    • He maintained that he would pay for his food while he was staying at the Rashtrapati Bhawan. Former military secretary to President APJ Abdul Kalam General KS Dogra recalled an occasion in which his relatives paid him their first visit after he was elected president. He wouldn’t allow Rashtrapati Bhavan to make any particular plans. Despite the Rashtrapati Bhavan having a fleet of vehicles available for the President and his family, they traveled in regular sleeper class, and we chartered a small bus to transport them about Delhi. He paid for it. There are horses, a club, hospitals, and a golf course at Rashtrapati Bhavan, but Kalam never used them. His only pastimes were reading books and taking reflective strolls through the Mughal gardens.
  • The media affectionately referred to him as the “People’s President” while he served as India’s president.
  • He backed the necessity for a “Uniform Civil Code” in India in September 2003 during an interactive session at the PGI Chandigarh.
  • In the 2011 Hindi film “I Am Kalam,” Kalam was shown as having a good impact on “Chhotu,” an impoverished but intelligent Rajasthani boy.
    • Only five minutes into his talk on “Creating a Livable Planet Earth” on July 27, 2015, at the Indian Institute of Management in Shillong, he passed out. It was around 6:35 p.m. IST. He had no pulse or other indications of life when he was taken to the neighboring Bethany Hospital. At 7:45 p.m. IST, a cardiac arrest was confirmed as his cause of death. His final words, according to reports, were “Funny man! Srijan Pal Singh, his assistant, asked, “How are you doing?
    • He was also a Fan of Babar Azam.


  • India’s response to Kalam’s passing was one of utter anguish, and innumerable tributes were given both offline and online. A seven-day State of Mourning was announced by the Indian Government (GOI). The then-President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, the vice president at the time, Hamid Ansari, and the current home minister, Rajnath Singh, expressed their condolences for his passing.
  • He was buried with full state honors on July 30, 2015, at Rameswaram’s Pei Karumbu Ground. The death rituals were attended by more than 3.5 lakh persons, including Narendra Modi, Rahul Gandhi, the governor of Tamil Nadu, and the chief ministers of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam National Memorial was officially opened on July 27, 2017, by Narendra Modi, the country’s current prime minister, at the island town of Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. The Memorial was built by DRDO.
  • In his autobiography, Wings of Fire, Kalam, who was very close to his mother, wrote a poem in which he expressed his love for her:

    “I still remember the day when I was ten, ” said my mother.
To the envy of my older brothers and sisters, I was sleeping on your lap.
Only you, Mother, in my world, knew it was a full moon night. Dear Mother!
When I woke up at midnight with tears running down my knee
My Mother, you were aware of your child’s suffering.
Your delicate touch gently relieves the discomfort.
Your care, love, and faith strengthened me.
to confront the world fearlessly and with His might.
On the big Judgment Day, we will reunite once more. my mother

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Q: Which island is named after Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam?

Ans: An island off the coast of Odisha, India, called Dr. Abdul Kalam Island, formerly known as Wheeler Island, is located about 150 km (93 mi) east of the state’s capital Bhubaneswar.

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